Ground Telecopes

In VLBI mode, Millimetron space telescope will observe together with ground observatories in millimeter and submillimeter wavelength ranges. Such observatories are usually located in arid regions high above the sea level. The number of ground-based telescopes participating in the observation, as well as their distribution over the Earth’s surface determines the success of space-ground VLBI observations. Most of the telescopes that are suitable for Millimetron project are participating in the Event Horizon Telescope collaboration. Currently, the observatories are following:

Korean VLBI Network (KVN KASI)

Korean VLBI Network (KVN KASI)

The Korean VLBI Network (KVN) is a three-element Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) network in Korea, which is dedicated to VLBI observations at millimeter wavelengths. Three 21-m radio telescopes are located in Seoul, Ulsan and Jeju island, Korea.

Atacama Large Millimeter/Submillimeter Array (ALMA)

Atacama Large Millimeter/Submillimeter Array (ALMA)

A complex of telescopes located in the Chilean Atacama desert at an altitude of 5060 meters.

IRAM NOEMA Observatory

IRAM NOEMA Observatory

A complex of ten antennas with a diameter of 15 meters each. Located in the French Alps on the plateau de Bure at an altitude of 2550 meters above sea level.

IRAM 30m telescope

IRAM 30m telescope

A 30-meter radio telescope located in the Sierra Nevada mountains in Spain.

James Clerk Maxwell Telescope

James Clerk Maxwell Telescope

A 15-meter telescope, located at an altitude of 4200 meters above sea level, on Mount Mauna Kea on the island of Hawaii, the Hawaiian archipelago.

Large Millimeter Telescope

Large Millimeter Telescope "Alfonso Serrano" (LMT)

The world's largest single-aperture telescope operating in millimeter and submillimeter wavelength range (50 meters in diameter). Located at an altitude of 4850 meters on top of the extinct volcano Sierra Negra in the Mexican state of Puebla.

Submillimeter Array (SMA)

Submillimeter Array (SMA)

An array that consists of eight radio telescopes with a diameter of 6 meters each located at an altitude of 4080 meters above sea level, on Mount Mauna Kea on the island of Hawaii, the Hawaiian archipelago.

Heinrich Hertz Submillimeter Telescope (SMT)

Heinrich Hertz Submillimeter Telescope (SMT)

A telescope owned by the Arizona Radio Observatory and located on Mount Graham in Arizona, USA.

South Pole Telescope (SPT)

South Pole Telescope (SPT)

A telescope with a diameter of 10 meters, located at the Amundsen-Scott South Pole station in Antarctica at an altitude of 2800 meters above sea level.

Greenland Telescope (GLT)

Greenland Telescope (GLT)

12-meter radio telescope installed at Tula Air Base in northwestern Greenland. Later, it will be moved to the territory of the Summit Camp year-round research station, located in the center of the Greenland ice sheet, at an altitude of 3210 meters.

Atacama Pathfinder Experiment (APEX)

Atacama Pathfinder Experiment (APEX)

A 12-meter telescope, that is located at an altitude of 5100 meters above sea level, at the Llano de Chagnantor Observatory in the Atacama Desert in Chile.  

Kitt Peak 12-meter Telescope

Kitt Peak 12-meter Telescope

A telescope located on Mount Kitt Peak at an altitude of 1914 meters above sea level. Belongs to the Arizona Radio Observatory (ARO).